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Butterfly populations are a very good indicator of the health of an area's ecosystem !!
Image contributed by U.K
photographer Steve Oddy.
Also known as the African Queen or African Monarch or the Traveler butterfly.
   The Plain Tiger is believed to be one of the first butterflies species depicted in ancient art.
   A 3,500 yr. old ancient fresco in Luxor, Egypt, which is the home of the ancient city of Thebes,  features what is believed to be the oldest known illustration of this species.
   Danaus chrysippus prefers arid, open areas, and is found in a variety of habitats, including deserts,
mountainsdeciduous forests and human managed
gardens in cities and parks.
   It inhabits a wide variety of habitats, although it is less likely to thrive in jungle like conditions and is most often found in drier, wide-open areas.
   It prefers altitudes ranging from sea level to around 1,500 m (4,900 ft).
    It is a medium-sized butterfly 
   The body is black with numerous white spots.   
   The wings are orange, with the dorsal side brighter and richer than the ventral side.
   The outer edges of the forewing are black with a white band.
   The hindwing has three black spots in the center.
   The wings are bordered in black and outlined with semicircular white spots.
   This species exhibits slight sexual dimorphism, as the male has large scent glands on his hindwings, which the female lacks. (They appear as a large black spot with a white center, when viewed from the ventral side

   They are a polymorphic species, so the exact coloring and patterning can vary significantly between populations.

    Male and females look very similar and are similar in size.

   Adult typically have a wingspan of  75 mm / 3.0 in.

   The bodies of adult plain tigers are about 23 mm / 0.91 in long, and their antennae are about 12 mm / 0.47 in. long.

   Depending on climate, males will live about 10–15 days and females will live approximately 7–12 days.

   The most common predator of adulst are birds.

   As members of the Nymphilidae (Brush Footed) family, Danaus chrysippus will use their shorter front pair of legs for food tasting, and their two pairs of rear legs for propulsion.

Plain Tiger.png
Caterpillar diet: primarily plants in the genus 
Asclepias, more commonly called milkweed.
Avg. wingspan: 7 – 8 cm / 2.8 – 3.1 "
Family: Nymphilidae
Plain Tiger caterpillar
Plain Tiger caterpillar
Plain Tiger chrysalis
danaus-chrysippus-1-plain-tiger.jpg
Common Diadem Page
Common Diadem
Plain Tiger
    * As seen here, Common Diadem (Hypolimas missipus) butterflies are very similar in appearance to Plain Tigers (Danaus chrysippus). 
   
Because the Plain Tiger, as a caterpillar, consumes poisonous plant leaves, it is toxic to predators as an adult. 
   The Diadem has evolved to look similar to the Tiger (Batesian Mimicry), so that it to can avail itself of the avoidance that predators give to the Tigers.          The easiest way to tell them apart is that the Plain Tiger will have a black spot on each hindwing, (see above) and the Diadem will not.
The single biggest threat to butterfly survival is habitat destruction!!
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