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Image contributed by U.K 
photographer Steve Oddy.
Butterfly populations are a very good indicator of the health of an area's ecosystem !!
Also known as the Surinamese Shoemaker.
The Orange Banded Shoemaker, also called the Surinamese Shoemaker, is native to much of the northeastern coast of South America and into Central America.
   The male and female of the species look totally different (sexually dimorphic).
   Both have a black background.
   The male dorsal wing side, has a broad, bright, orange band on the forewings that gives the species its name.
   The female dorsal wing side has three rows of white or off white dots and dashes and some rust red spots similar to those of the Grecian Shoemaker.
   Even the brown, camouflaged ventral wing side on the males and the females differ.
   The female ventral side slightly resembles that of the Common Sergeant butterfly, with red rust spots.
   All species found in the genus Catonephele are sexually dimorphic, which is why the males and females of a species look so different from each other.
   Adults prefer to spend most of their time in wet forest habitats.
   When trying to mate, males will perch on vegetation and wait for receptive females to pass.       After mating, the females will spend the warmest parts of the day cruising waterways and paths looking for host plants to lay their eggs on.
   Once the eggs have hatched, the larvae will feed on the host plant until they are ready to form their chrysalides.
   There are multiple generations each year, making it possible to see adults year round.
   Their estimated life span is approximately 14 days. 
Orange Banded Shoemaker.png
Adult diet: rotting fruit and tree sap are their primary nutrient source.
Family: Nymphalidae
Orange Banded Shoemaker chrysalis
The single biggest threat to butterfly survival is habitat destruction!!
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