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(Cethosia hypsea) larvae, because of their appearance, are often referred to as red wine caterpillars.
They inhabit tropical rain forests and are found only in tropical climate zones.
The butterflies have toothed edged wings, sawtooth like wings on the hindwings.
The color of the dorsal wing surface is bright orange - red with wide, pronounced black borders, while the ventral side is orange - red with white bands and black dots or stripes forming remarkably intricate patterns.
The wing borders are dark colored and deeply indented with a lace like pattern of white marking. Adult are lighter in color to warn predators that they can be poisonous.
Individual females have a slightly yellowish white patch on the dorsal side and the color of the wings is paler.
They fly quite slowly, around flowering shrubs such as Lantana camara¸ Stachytarpheta indica, Ixora javanica and Leea indica.
The females often see and select the leaves of various plants to lay their eggs on.
The host plant, as a place to live and as a source of food is Adenia macrophylla.
Caterpillar diet: the shoots and young leaves of the Adenia macrophylla plant.
Adult diet: nectar from the flowers of Lantana Camara¸ Stachytarpheta Indica, Ixora, Javanica
and Leea Indica.
Avg. wingspan: 80 mm / 3.15 ”
The single biggest threat to butterfly survival is habitat destruction!!
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