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Butterfly populations are a very good indicator of the health of an area's ecosystem !!
Images contributed by Finnish
photographer Hannu Kontkanen
   Colias erate poliographus flies from May to September in two generations.
   Central Asian butterflies are generally larger than European ones.
   The males have yellow fore wings with a broad unspotted blackish band. The inner borde is angled inward at the upper median vein.
  The bands are sparsely speckled in yellow on the anterior veins. The dorsal spot is large and black, while the hind wing has a broad black crenulated band and a large orang/ yellow spot. 
   Ventral sides are yellow. The fore wing has a black spot and a distinct row of spots.
   Hind wings have a moderately sized dull pearly white red bordered spot.
   Females are yellow to white. The band on fore wing is broader than the males, and with not very prominent upper and lower yellow spots. The large spot is distinct. The hind wing is darker with a broad marginal band traversed inwardly by large poorly defined yellow spots. The large spots are brighter red.
   Like most Colias species, Colias erate has yellow ground colouration.
Easten Pale Clouded Sulphur.png
Diet: caterpillars feed on various Fabaceae species, such as Medicago sativa and Medicago, Trifolium, Onobrychis and Melilotus species.
Diet: adults feed on nectar from various plants.
Avg. wingspan: 2.3 – 2.6 cm.  / .9 - 1"
Family: Pieridae
Eastern Pale Clouded Yellow caterpillar 2.jpg
Eastern Pale Clouded Yellow.jpg
Papilio ulysses chrysalis.jpg
The single biggest threat to butterfly survival is habitat destruction!!
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